This section provides reports and maps on the situation in the Gaza Strip

Field up-date on Gaza from the Humanitarian Coordinator | 27-29 January 2009

OCHA humanitarian update on Gaza crisis, 27-29 January. This report focuses on the humanitarian situation - casualties, food, health, shelter, water and sanitation, electricity and fuel, access and crossings as well as priority needs.

Gaza Humanitarian Situation Report | 4 January 2009

OCHA humanitarian update on Gaza crisis since Israeli military ground operation. This report focuses on casualties; food, health and water & sanitation situation; and priority needs.

January 2009 [ English ]

Gaza Crisis : Calendar of Coordination Meetings | January 2009

Calendar of sector coordination meetings in response to Gaza crisis

Gaza Humanitarian Situation Report | 2 January 2009

The humanitarian crisis in the Gaza Strip is significant and cannot be understated. It follows what the UN had described as an 18 month long “human dignity crisis” in the Gaza Strip, entailing a massive destruction of livelihoods and a significant deterioration of infrastructure and basic services.

Gaza Humanitarian Situation Report | 1 January 2009

OCHA humanitarian update on Gaza crisis, focusing on casualties, the psychological impact on civilians, food,health,and fuel needs and initial donor pledges.

Gaza Humanitarian Situation Report | 28 Dec 2008

Latest on the Gaza Strip. At least 280 Palestinians were killed during Israeli air strikes, and some 900 others were treated at hospitals, 650 of whom were admitted for further treatment with 115 in critical condition. Most fatalities were civilian police; other fatalities included at least 20 children, nine women, and 60 other unarmed civilians. Most casualties fell during the first few minutes of the operation. This is one the highest single-day death tolls recorded in the occupied Palestinian territory since 1967. Palestinian militants fired some 100 rockets and mortars at Israeli towns and cities; one Israeli civilian was killed and another ten injured. Kerem Shalom crossing was partially open today and seven truckloads of medical supplies and 14 truckloads of wheat from humanitarian agencies were allowed through it into Gaza. Long queues of people at functional bakeries were reported. UNRWA stock of wheat grain is still at zero. Power outages of up to 16 hours per day are reported in Gaza City, Northern Gaza and middle area.

Gaza Situation Report: The Impact of the Blockade on the Gaza Strip- A Human Dignity Crisis (15 December 2008)

The 18- month long blockade on the Gaza Strip has created a profound human dignity crisis, leading to a widespread erosion of livelihoods and a significant deterioration in infrastructure and essential services. The consequences for the Palestinian population are profound, pervasive and difficult to reverse. This report surveys the impact on livelihoods, electricity, water and sanitation, food security and the health services.

The Humanitarian Monitor | October 2008

In October, imports entering Gaza declined by 30%, eight Palestinians killed in tunnels-related accidents and provision of services continue to be affected by Ramallah - Gaza rift. In the West Bank, Israel resumed demolition of inhabited Area C structures: 142 people affected. There were repeated acts of intimidation and physical violence from settlers during the Palestinian olive harvest and further restrictions by the Israeli authorities on medical staff and patients from the West Bank accessing East Jerusalem hospitals.

Gaza Humanitarian Situation Report | 17 Nov 2008

Fuel Shortages: Industrial fuel for electricity- daily rolling blackouts- Cooking Gas shortages: Bread rationing/ households unable to cook- Petrol reduced- Water and Sewage- Food- Health

The Humanitarian Monitor | September 2008

In September, internal tensions impacted access to basic services in Gaza, while the Israeli closure continued. Demolitions in Area C resumed after a four-month lull. More than 60% of Palestinians denied access to Jerusalem for prayer during Ramadan.

The Humanitarian Monitor | August 2008

In August, the fragile space for human rights and dignity left to Palestinians in the oPt was further affected by the increasing tension between the two Palestinian authorities in Ramallah and in Gaza, as well as by the military activities and restrictive practices by the Israeli authorities.

Movement and Access (AMA) Report No 69 | 25 June - 8 July 2008

Rafah crossing has remained closed for the movement of people for 395 working days. It was last open on 09 June 2007. However 570 Palestinians stranded on the Egyptian side of the border, were allowed to cross in, and 574 individuals, including patients and Egyptian nationals, were allowed to cross out.

The Humanitarian Monitor | July 2008

In July, thousands of Palestinian civilians were directly affected by protection incidents, including people killed, injured, arrested, displaced or affected by the closure of institutions providing aid.

Movement and Access (AMA) Report No 68 | 11 - 24 June 2008

Rafah crossing has remained closed for the movement of people for 381 working days.

Movement and Access (AMA) Report No 67 | 28 May - 10 June 2008

Rafah crossing has remained closed for the movement of people for 367 working days. It was last open on 09 June 2007.

Movement and Access (AMA) Report No 66 | 14 May - 27 May 2008

Rafah crossing has remained closed for the movement of people for 353 working days.

Movement and Access (AMA) Report No 65 | 30 April - 13 May 2008

Rafah crossing has remained closed for the movement of people for 339 working days.

Movement and Access (AMA) Report No 64 | 16 - 29 April 2008

Rafah crossing has remained closed for the movement of people for 325 working days.

Gaza Strip Inter-Agency Humanitarian Fact Sheet | June 2008

Many farmers have returned to their fields close to the border fence. At least two were shot but many others were able to harvest crops. No Palestinians or Israelis have been killed in or around Gaza as a result of the conflict since before 19 June. Imports still fall far short of the daily average of 450 truckloads in January 2007. Imports remain approximately 90% food. While the Coastal Municpalities Water Utility (CMWU) reported improved supplies of fuel and spare parts, raw and partially treated sewage continues to pour into the Mediterranean Sea from Gaza. UNRWA began its summer games which offer recreational activities to 250,000 children in the Gaza Strip. The Summer Games create an additional temporary 3500 jobs via UNRWA’s Job Creation Programme. Electricity supply of 120 megawatts from Israel, 17 megawatts from Egypt and 55 megawatts only allows for 19 to 20 hours of supply in all areas of Gaza except Rafah, which benefits exclusively from supply from Egypt.

Movement and Access (AMA) Report No 63 | 2 - 15 April 2008

The AMA crossings remain closed since mid-June 2007. During the reporting period, 343 Gaza Palestinians who were stranded at the Egyptian border were allowed to cross into Gaza and 30 individuals including medical cases were allowed out. A total of 929 truckloads, including 147 truckloads from humanitarian agencies, were allowed into Gaza, compared to 1,562 truckloads in the previous reporting period (40% decrease compared to the previous period).

Gaza Strip Inter-Agency Humanitarian Fact Sheet | May 2008

Israeli restrictions on fuel and good deliveries to Gaza continued in May, resulting in shortages and power cuts averaging three hours per day. Hamas authorities took control of fuel supplies and started distributing fuel to priority groups such as health services and taxi drivers. On May 17-19, the Gaza power station shut down because of a lack of industrial diesel. The reduced supply of cooking gas led one poultry farmer to slaughter around 165,000 chicks who could not survive without heating. The short supply of petrol and diesel made movement and the operation of generators difficult. Many farmers who need diesel to pump water from irrigation 70 per cent of Gaza’s agricultural wells harvested crops prematurely or lost crops completely. On May 22, a large truck bomb was detonated at Erez checkpoint. No one was injured apart from the driver of the truck who was killed but some of the protective walls at the checkpoint were damaged. The checkpoint was closed for international staff working in Gaza and Gazans with special co-ordination to leave Gaza until May 26.

Gaza Strip Inter-Agency Humanitarian Fact Sheet | April 2008

Israeli restrictions on fuel supplies to Gaza peaked in April when Israel halted supplies of diesel, petrol and cooking gas (LPG) to Gaza. UNRWA was forced to suspend its food distribution to 650,000 beneficiaries for four days due to the lack of fuel. Limited supplies of cooking gas and industrial diesel resumed before the end of the month. Market prices increased significantly in the month of April. Gazan militants attacked the Nahal Oz fuel terminal on April 9 and the Kerem Shalom goods crossing on April 18.Israeli military incursions into Gaza occurred almost every day in April, killing 21 children.

Movement and Access (AMA) Report No 62 | 19 March – 01 April 2008

A total of 480 truckloads of grains and animal feed entered Gaza, compared to 206 in the previous reporting period. Erez crossing remains closed since 12 June for all Palestinians, except for a limited number of Palestinian traders, aid workers and medical cases who have been granted special permits. Obstacles to movement in the West Bank increased to 612 following a detailed field survey completed on 18 March 2008 . This represents an increase of 236 obstacles (62.8%) over the baseline figure of August 2005.

Gaza Strip Humanitarian Situation Report : Impact of Fuel Shortages on Gaza Sanitation – Polluting the Sea | 29 April 2008

Gaza’s water authority, the Coastal Municipalities Water Utility (CMWU), is responsible for providing water to the residents of the Gaza Strip as well as managing its sewage. It provides more than 130 million cubic metres of drinking water per year to the residents of Gaza. Around 80 percent of this becomes sewage which consists of household and commercial effluent. The closure on Gaza and the reduction in fuel and electric supply have forced the CMWU to dump 60 million litres of raw and partially treated sewage into the Mediterranean Sea to avoid flooding residential areas.

Gaza Strip Fuel Situation Report | as of 23 April 2008

There is currently no fuel available in the Gaza Strip on the open market and there are power cuts of three hours per day in almost all of Gaza. For months the fuel crisis has hampered vital humanitarian work, but the complete absence of fuel will dramatically worsen the humanitarian situation.

Gaza Strip Humanitarian Situation Report : Gaza Fuel Crisis | As of 17 April 2008

The Gaza Strip is entirely dependent on Israel for fuel supplies. Since 28 October 2007, Israel has restricted fuel supplies to the Gaza Strip for both public and private use. Last week, fuel shortages were aggravated both by a strike by Gaza fuel distributors and the halting of all fuel supplies to Gaza from 10-15 April, following a Palestinian militant attack at Nahal Oz.Supplies of gasoline and diesel remain suspended. Limited deliveries of industrial gasoline for the Gaza Power Plant and cooking gas resumed on April 16.

Gaza Strip Inter-Agency Humanitarian Fact Sheet | March 2008

The first two days of March saw the intensification of ongoing Israeli army air and ground operations throughout the Gaza Strip. The Gaza Strip remains closed to the outside world, with the exception of limited humanitarian imports and the movement of a small number of international visitors, patients and Israeli-approved Palestinians. In March, the supply of diesel and gasoline by Israel was 57% and 80% less, respectively, compared to one year ago.

Movement and Access (AMA) Report No 61 | 5 – 18 March 2008

Gaza's Rafah, Karni and Erez border crossings remain closed since mid-June. Rafah was exceptionally open for medical cases between 2-12 March, during which time 257 patients crossed into Egypt for medical treatment. A total of 1,275 truckloads, including 75 from humanitarian agencies, were allowed into Gaza, compared to 863 truckloads in the previous reporting period.

Movement and Access (AMA) Report No 60 | 20 February - 4 March 2008

The Karni, Erez and Rafah crossings remained generally closed for the movement of goods and people to and from Gaza. From 2-4 March, Rafah crossing was partially opened for Palestinian medical patients who were injured during the IDF ‘Warm Winter’ operation in Gaza. Sufa crossing was open on all scheduled operating days, while Kerem Shalom was open on one day. Overall, a total of 863 truckloads, including 157 from humanitarian agencies, were allowed into Gaza, compared to 640 truckloads in the previous reporting period.

Movement and Access (AMA) Report No 59 | 6 - 19 February 2008

The Karni, Rafah and Erez crossings remained generally closed for the movement of goods and people to and from Gaza. Thousands of Palestinians continued to cross into Egypt in an uncontrolled manner until the border was sealed on 10 February. Sufa crossing was open for humanitarian and commercial commodities for 10 days compared to 5 in the previous reporting period. Kerem Shalom was closed on all 10 scheduled days. Overall, a total of 640 truckloads, including 164 from humanitarian agencies, were allowed into Gaza, compared to 440 truckloads in the previous reporting period.


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